Svalbard Agreement

Svalbard Agreement

The Commissioner`s remuneration shall be fixed by mutual agreement between the Danish Government and the other governments concerned. The Commissioner shall fix the remuneration of the assistants he considers necessary. But โ€” there has been criticism. The only aspect on which most governments disagree with Norway today is the situation with regard to territorial waters. According to Norway, only the territorial waters are governed by the provisions of the treaty, i.e. the 12-mile zone (four miles by 2004, then the zone was redefined). According to Norway, waters outside the 12-mile zone, but within the exclusive economic zone (200 miles), are precisely that – an exclusive economic zone where Norway can restrict the rights of third parties. It is not surprising that other governments and their citizens` businesses do not necessarily agree with the interests of fisheries, oil and gas. Among the governments at odds are Latvia, which was the last country to accede to the Svalbard Treaty on 13 June 2016 (a few months after North Korea), and Russia. An additional treaty or perhaps a judgment of the International Court of Justice in The Hague could clarify this point, but Norway`s position is that the existing treaty is clear and that there is no need to continue negotiations or agreements. Several attempts at a solution were made, but it was not until the Versailles negotiations at the end of the First World War that an agreement was reached on the Treaty of Svalbard, signed on 9 February 1920. The Treaty of Svalbard is one of the few parts of the Versailles agreements that still have practical significance.

Vessels and nationals of all the High Contracting Parties shall enjoy the same fishing rights as hunting rights in the areas referred to in Article 1 and in their territorial waters. (from Article 2) The delegate shall have the right to request from applicants any document or other information he or she deems necessary. Many other nations joined the treaty after being ratified by the original signatories, including several before it entered into force. . . .